Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by a. Home Page Research infectious diseases Essay. Illness and death from infectious diseases are particularly tragic because they are preventable and treatable. Not surprisingly, the poorest and most vulnerable are the most severely affected by infectious disease.
Infectious diseases are a major cause of death, disability and social and economic turmoil for millions around the world. Poverty stricken countries lack access to health care.
Reports show that in nations with the lowest economic status the causes of death are primarily infectious and nutritional diseases. Respiratory infections like the flu, pneumonia, diphtheria, and tuberculosis and gastrointestinal illnesses like dysentery and viral diarrhea kill children and adults most commonly in these countries.
The time elapsing between successive epidemic peaks is variable and differs from one disease to another. Environmental crises, such as flood, drought, earthquake and landslide, lead to spread of a number of epidemic diseases such as plague, measles, diphtheria, cholera, influenza, diarrhoea and malaria. A brief survey of some of the important epidemic diseases is given below. Plague Plague is an infectious fever caused by the bacillus Yersinia pestis, which is transmitted by the rat flea.
It is primarily a disease of rodents; and epidemics in human beings originate in contact with the fleas of infected rodents. The disease in man has three forms: a bubonic swelling of the lymph nodes ; b pneumonic. Plague has also been classified on the basis of the area of its occurrence: murine or urban plague in urban areas, and sylvatic or campestral plague in desert or rural areas. In the 14th century, the plague epidemic in Europe resulted in the death of one-fourth of the population or 2.
The Great Plague of London in resulted in more than 70, deaths in a population estimated at 4,60, An outbreak in Canton and Hong Kong in left 80, to 1,00, dead, essay on huntington disease within 20 years the disease spread from the southern Chinese ports throughout the whole world, resulting in more than one crore deaths.
In India, the epidemic, originating in Surat Gujarat spread in eight states in the period August-October It killed 53 of 5, infected people. The devastating earthquake in Latur Maharashtra in was held responsible for the outbreak of plague. It may essay writing rubric mentioned here that Bir, the most affected region of Gujarat, and Latur are not far away from one another. Home Our Academy Online Payments. Their cell walls and vaccines.
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Can essay on incurable diseases imagine that one day the very thing you loved to do, would be helping others remember their lost memories and that you succumbed to that very same disease Strong Essays words 2.
Strong Essays words 3. It is the most common cause of loss of memory especially in old age. The Alzheimer 's disease onset is slow with symptoms appearing as early as 10 years before the full diagnosis.
This condition derived its name from the scientist who first described it, Alois Alzheimer. Alois Alzheimer was a pathologist of German descent who also practiced psychiatric medicine Strong Essays words 4. The symptoms of this disease can range from mild to severe which makes prognosis very difficult to determine. Mogadishu was considered one the cleanest and safest cities in Africa.
Sadly, the Somalia of yesterday is no more. Presently, hundreds of thousands of people have been displaced from their homes and are suffering from starvation and disease. Two major factors are contributing toward Somalia growing disease crisis; drought and civil war Strong Essays words 3 pages Preview.
This disease is also known as the human itch mite. In the medical field, it is known as Sarcoptes scabiei var hominis. Scabies have been around for centuries. Scabies was first documented in a letter written by Dr. This letter provided the first accurate presentation of the mite, with detailed drawings of its appearance.
In this letter, Dr. The human itch mite is in the class arachnidan family Sarcoptidae, subclass Acari. The mites burrow under the epidermis of the skin, and never go below the stratum corneum. Other races of scabies may cause infestations in other animals of which humans may contact with a temporary itching due to dermatitis; but they do not multiply in the human host.
Giovan Cosimo Bonomo to Francesco Redi2 on July 18,is the first accurate description of the mite with a very accurate drawing of its appearance Better Essays words 2. This deficiency results in the accumulation of glycogen in certain organs and tissues, especially muscles, impairing their ability to function normally.
The disease is classified by the time of essay on huntington disease classic infantile onset and non-classic late onset Van Der Beek Pompe disease was named after the Dutch pathologist Dr Term Papers words 5. For example, remembering things, directions, past memories etc. Better Essays words 3 pages Preview. This disease clogs the brain with a plaque like protein called beta amyloid.
Also created neurofibrillary tangles that are composed of tau protein and build up in nerve cells. Gluten is a protein that binds ingredients together and gives food its texture. This percentage does not include those who are undiagnosed, wheat sensitive, or misdiagnosed. Celiac disease causes severe symptoms to the person when gluten is ingested. Maintaining this lifestyle is extremely difficult Better Essays words 4. This disease has affected millions of families all across the world, and it is a disease where patients become worse as time goes on.
These changes in the brain alter the personality and behavior of the individual Better Essays words 5. They found the best candidate to host the gene mutation in mice so essay on huntington disease implanted the gene mutation in embryos of mice offspring.
The researchers hypothesized that p62PL is sufficient to induce PDB, especially since the p62 gene is responsible for encoding 62 kDa protein which functions in signaling osteoclast precursors.
These outbreaks are linked to cyclical epidemics of plague in rodents. Over the last 30 years, the mean annual global plague case fatality rate has been 9 per cent, ranging from just over 14 per cent in Africa to just under 6 per cent in the Americas.
These high rates persist despite the availability of highly effective drugs against the disease. Other factors are involved in the apparent increase speech on pollution in english plague. In the United States, for example, rapid suburbanization has resulted in increasing numbers of people living in or near areas where plague exists in nature.
The number of states of that country reporting plague cases increased from three during to 13 during Surveillance of plague in rodents indicates that the disease has spread eastwards in the United States to areas believed to have been free of plague during the previous 50 years up to The five main diseases spread by mosquitoes-malaria, dengue, yellow fever, Japanese encephalitis and filariasis-do not lend themselves to a single, comprehensive approach.
Each has to be tackled in its own right. At the same time, however, some methods of prevention or control are common to all of them. Vaccines against yellow fever and Japanese encephalitis already exist and others are being developed against malaria and dengue, although it will be several years at least before they become available.
There is an effective drug against filariasis. The two key measures to prevent the spread of these five diseases are the elimination of mosquito breeding places and the prevention of mosquito bites.
The first involves community action, such as covering water storage containers and removing discarded containers from inside and around houses, house-to-house inspection; and control programmes using insecticide sprays. The second involves people protecting themselves with insecticide-impregnated materials such as curtains and nets, repellents and screens. Vector essay on diseases disease surveillance are extremely important, as are rapid intervention and control when an outbreak occurs.
Other important measures are health education campaigns and preparations to guard against outbreaks. Following high-level political commitment for a Global Malaria Control Strategy made in at a Ministerial Conference in Amsterdam, a target was set for achieving a reduction in malaria mortality of at least 20 per cent by the year in at least 75 per cent affected countries.
Inthe United Nations General Assembly called upon WHO, as the lead agency for health, to promote the international mobilisation of technical, medical and financial assistance to intensify the struggle against malaria.Essay UK, Huntingtons Disease.
During the initial stages of the disease, an infected person can show minor intellectual complications or slight mood changes. As the disease progresses, unsynchronized, irregular movements of the body become more noticeable. In addition, the conceptual thinking of an individual deteriorates. A protein molecule called huntingtin is generated by both the defective gene essay on incurable diseases a regular copy of the gene.
However, the defective gene, due to its larger size, generates bigger forms of the protein. Large forms of huntingtin weaken the functioning of some brain cells. Finally, these cells get destroyed by the proteins. A genetic base that exists in triplicate, CAG for short, is effected by Huntington's disease.
In normal people, the gene has eleven to thirty-four of these, but, in a victim of Huntington's disease the gene exists from anywhere After reading this paper and the subsequent ones to come, you surely will. According to PudMedHealth. There are also instances where the disease becomes on-set in children or during adolescence.
The question that I am writing about is the disease itself ,and which symptoms affect you the worst. I would like to hopefully one day find a cure for some of these diseases. According to Huntington-Study-Group. Still, I would hate essay on incurable diseases ever be diagnosed with this disease or even find out that someone I know has been diagnosed with it. One of the main symptoms of this disease Sign Up.
Sign In. Sign Up Sign In. Home Essays Huntington's Disease. Continue Reading Please join StudyMode to read the full document. Socializing is lessened. Eating becomes a challenge, because a patient has trouble with movements of the muscles while swallowing. Speech becomes slurred, walking begins to weaken and cognitive thinking becomes problematic.
By the late-stage, one can barely speak and all previous symptoms are more drastic. Choking is a major concern because it becomes extremely difficult to swallow; therefore they are usually fed with a feeding tube. Essay on Huntington's Disease - Huntington's Disease A shadow of love doesn't have arms to embrace you, to make you feel wanted and secure. Search Term:. Those that also show obsessive compulsive behavior may take some types of serotonergic agents.
Neuroleptics, or drugs that block dopamine receptors, are useful in the treatment of chorea. It has been suggested that treatment with nerve-growth producing agents may be an affective treatment, but research is still being conducted. Procedures such as pallidotomy, or removing part of the globus pallidus, and thalamotomy, or cutting part of the thalamus have both showed promising results in the treatment of the involuntary movements and tremors in Parkinson's disease and may also help sufferers of Huntington's.
Fetal brain tissue transplantation has importance of communication essay helped in Parkinson's disease patients. While there has been a few of these transplantations performed on HD patients, it is still too early to evaluate its success. Since the huntington protien causes a gain of function instead of a loss of function, normal gene therapy tecniques normally do not work. Instead, the protien must be removed or its gain of function effects must be inhibited.
Currently, the second approach makes more sense, since we already know how the huntington protein interacts with other proteins and we can, through this knowledge, find modulators to treat the disease.