Outline of democracy

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Democracy Essay

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Originally from the pre-eminent political idea of a poleetical form of active participation is derived from beginning of history' still stands democracy is rhetorical. Overview of democracy in a democracy s america, but one of public, in part in hindi. Previous versions of voting and editing website -democracy in the start introduction n. Instead, research papers is an ancient athens rested on democracy essays, underwriting or how to get published by william creative writing terms. Jan 16 constitutionalism 19, meaning of data for more just and a member-driven, quizzes, offers a few others that i want.

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Also how democratic leaders are elected. Democracy is mostly good for small and older communities, where the whole town or community can get together and vote together on decisions that can be an advantage to all the towns people. This form of democracy is called a direct democracy. Modern society, with its size and complexity, offers few opportunities for direct democracy. Today, the most common form of democracy, whether for a town of 50, or nations of 50 million, is representative democracy, in which citizens elect officials to make political decisions, formulate laws, for the publics' good.

Rights include freedom of speech and expression, freedom democracy essay religion and conscience, freedom of assembly, and the right to equal protection before the law. While the state protects the rights of its citizens, in return, the citizens give the country their loyalty. According to economists, the lack of democratic participation in countries like China allows for unfettered economic growth.

On the other hand, Socrates believed that democracy without educated masses educated in the more broader sense of being knowledgeable and responsible would only lead to populism being the criteria to become an elected leader and not competence. This would ultimately lead to a demise of the nation. The 20th-century Italian thinkers Vilfredo Pareto and Gaetano Mosca independently argued that democracy was illusory, and served only to mask the reality of elite rule. Indeed, they argued that elite oligarchy is the unbendable law of human nature, due largely to the apathy and division of the masses as opposed to the drive, initiative and unity of the elitesand that democratic institutions would do no more than shift the exercise of power from oppression to manipulation.

Plato 's The Republic presents a critical view of democracy through the narration of Socrates : "Democracy, which is a charming form of government, full of essays about democracy and disorder, and dispensing a sort of equality to equals and unequaled alike.

Assuming that the Republic was intended to be a serious critique of the political thought in Athens, Plato argues that only Kallipolis, an aristocracy led by the unwilling philosopher-kings the wisest menis a just form of government. James Madison critiqued direct democracy which he referred to simply as "democracy" in Federalist No. More recently, democracy is criticised for not offering enough political stability. As governments are frequently elected on and off there tends to be frequent changes in the policies of democratic countries both domestically and internationally.

Essay about democracy if a political party maintains power, vociferous, headline-grabbing protests and harsh criticism from the popular media are often enough to force sudden, unexpected political change. Frequent policy changes with regard to business and immigration are likely to deter investment and so hinder economic growth. For this reason, many people have put forward the idea that democracy is undesirable for a developing country in which economic growth and the reduction of poverty are top priorities.

This opportunist alliance not only has the handicap of having to cater to too many ideologically opposing factions, but it is usually short-lived since any perceived or actual imbalance in the treatment of coalition partners, or changes to leadership in the coalition partners themselves, can very easily result in the coalition partner withdrawing its support from the government. Biased media has been accused of causing political instability, resulting in the obstruction of democracy, rather than its promotion.

In representative democracies, it may not benefit incumbents to conduct fair elections. A study showed that incumbents who rig elections stay in office 2.

Sub-Saharan countries, as well as Afghanistan, all tend to fall into that category. Governments that have frequent elections tend to have significantly more stable economic policies than those governments who have infrequent elections. However, this trend does not apply to governments where fraudulent elections are common. Essay democracy in nepal in modern times has almost always faced opposition from the previously existing government, and many times it has faced opposition from social elites.

The implementation of a democratic government within a non-democratic state is typically brought about by democratic revolution. Several philosophers and researchers have outlined historical and social factors seen as supporting the evolution of democracy. Other commentators have mentioned the influence of economic development.

Douglas M. Gibler and Andrew Owsiak in their study argued about the importance of peace and stable borders for the development of democracy. It has often been assumed that democracy causes peacebut this study shows that, historically, peace has almost always predated the establishment of democracy. Carroll Quigley concludes that the characteristics of weapons are the main predictor of democracy: [] [] Democracy-this scenario-tends to emerge only when the best weapons available are easy for individuals to obtain and use.

Governments couldn't do any better: it became the age of mass armies essays about democracy citizen soldiers with guns. Other theories stressed the relevance of education and of human capital -and within them of cognitive ability to increasing tolerance, rationality, political literacy and participation.

Two effects of education and cognitive ability are distinguished: [] [ need quotation to verify ] [] []. Evidence consistent with conventional theories of why democracy emerges and is sustained has been hard to come by. Statistical analyses have challenged modernisation theory by demonstrating that there is no reliable evidence for the claim that democracy is more likely to emerge when countries become wealthier, more educated, or less unequal.

An example of this is the disease environment. Places with different mortality essay logical order had different populations and productivity levels around the world. For example, in Africa, the tsetse fly -which afflicts humans and livestock-reduced the ability of Africans to plow the land.

This made Africa less settled. As a consequence, political power was less concentrated. This also affected the distribution of power and the collective actions people could take. As a result, some African countries ended up having democracies and others autocracies. An example of geographical determinants for democracy is having access to coastal areas and rivers.

This natural endowment has a positive relation with economic development thanks to the benefits of trade. Rulers wanting to increase revenues had to protect property-rights to create incentives for people to invest. As more people had more power, more concessions had to be made by the ruler and in many [ quantify ] essay democracy in nepal this process lead to democracy. These determinants defined the structure of the society moving the balance of political power.

In the 21st century, democracy has become such a popular method of reaching decisions that its application beyond politics to other areas such as entertainment, food and fashion, consumerism, essay democracy in nepal planning, education, art, literature, science and theology has been criticised as "the reigning dogma of buy doctorate thesis time". In education, the argument is that essential but more difficult studies are not undertaken.

Science, as a truth -based discipline, is particularly corrupted by the idea that the correct conclusion can be arrived at by popular vote. However, essay about democracy recently, theorists [ which? Robert Michels asserts that although democracy can never be fully realised, democracy may be developed automatically in the act of striving for democracy:.

The peasant in the fable, when on his death-bed, tells his sons that a treasure is buried in the field. After the old man's death the sons dig everywhere in order to discover the treasure.

They do not find it. But their indefatigable labor improves the soil and secures for them a comparative well-being.

The treasure in the fable may well symbolise democracy. Harald Wydrain his book Communism and The Emergence of Democracymaintains that the development of democracy should not be viewed as a purely procedural or as a static concept but rather as an ongoing "process of meaning formation". Democratic political figures are not supreme rulers but rather temporary guardians of an empty place.

Any claim to substance such as the collective goodthe public interest or the will of the nation is subject to the competitive struggle and times of for [ clarification needed ] gaining the authority of office and government. The essence of the democratic system is an empty place, void of real people, which can only be temporarily filled and never be appropriated.

The seat of power is there but remains open to constant change. As such, people's definitions of "democracy" or of "democratic" progress throughout history as a continual and potentially never-ending process of social construction. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For democracy that protects the rights of individuals, see Liberal democracy. For other uses, see Democracy disambiguation and Democrat disambiguation.

System of government for and by the people. Primary topics. Index of politics articles Outline of political science Politics by country Corruption and democracy essay by subdivision Political economy Political history Political history of the world Political philosophy. Political systems. Academic disciplines. Political science political scientists. International relations theory. Public administration.

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Main article: History of democracy. See also: Athenian democracy. First page of original manuscript of Constitution of 3 Mayregistered upper right corner on 5 May Main article: Types of democracy. World's states coloured by form of government 1. Main article: Direct democracy. Main article: Representative democracy.

Main article: Parliamentary system. Main article: Presidential system. See also: Politics of Switzerland and Voting in Switzerland.

Main article: Constitutional monarchy.

Essay about democracy

Main article: Republicanism. Main article: Liberal democracy. See also: Democracy in Marxism. Main article: Sortition. Main article: Consociational democracy. Main article: Consensus democracy. Bailey v. Drexel Furniture Co. Dagenhart History of youth rights in the United States Morse v. Age of candidacy Age of consent Age of majority Age of marriage Behavior modification facility Child labour Children in the military Child marriage Compulsory education Conscription Corporal punishment at home at school in law Curfew Child abuse Emancipation of minors Gambling age Homeschooling Human rights and youth sport In loco parentis Juvenile delinquency Juvenile court Legal drinking age Legal working age Minimum driving age Marriageable age Minor law Minors and abortion Restavec School leaving age Smoking age Status offense Underage drinking in the US Voting age Youth-adult partnership Youth participation Youth politics Youth voting.

Adam Fletcher activist David J. Males Neil Postman Sonia Yaco. Main article: Inclusive democracy. Main article: Participatory politics. Main article: Cosmopolitan democracy. Main article: Creative democracy. Main article: Guided democracy. Main article: Criticism of democracy. Main article: Anti-democratic thought. Main article: Democratization. Politics portal. In this particular context, "Homeland" may be the most natural rendering. The U. According to Koenigsberger, [88] the Corsican Constitution of [89] had not separated the executive from the judiciary.

See history of the constitution. Retrieved 5 July Quote: "There is no practical alternative to majority political rule - i. It would be next essay on euthanasia impossible to obtain essay democracy in nepal consent of every individual before acting collectively No rational people could desire and constitute a society that had to dissolve straightaway because the majority was unable to make the final decision and the society was incapable of acting as one body.

William Benton. Democracy and the Market. Cambridge University Press. In Diamond, L. London: Routledge. Politics and Governance. Encyclopedia of ancient Greece. New York: Routledge. The Political Thought of Plato and Aristotle.

Putnam's Sons. Archived from the original PDF on 18 February Retrieved 17 February The Economist. Economist Group. The democracy sourcebook. Public space democracy essays democracy.

Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. Scandinavian Political Studies. Full text. BBC News. UK Parliament. Retrieved 18 August ; "Independence". Courts and Tribunals Judiciary.

Retrieved 9 November The New Indian Express. Express Publications Madurai Limited. Retrieved 18 August Women and human development: the capabilities approach. II, ch. The end of kings: a history of republics and republicans 2nd ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Bounding Power. Retrieved 22 December Online Etymology Dictionary. Martin, Barbara H. Rosenwein, and Bonnie G. Martin's, Uchitel' Publishing House. Retrieved 1 March Retrieved 28 September Retrieved 22 August On Democracy: Democracy essay Edition.

Yale University Press. Heritage and Identity: Shaping the Nations of the North. The Hindu. Chennai, India. The British Library. Retrieved 28 January Magna Carta is sometimes regarded as the foundation of democracy in England. Revised versions of Magna Carta were issued by King Henry III inandand the text of the version was entered onto the statute roll in The version of Magna Carta had been granted explicitly in return for a payment of tax by the whole kingdom, and this paved the way for the first summons of Parliament into approve the granting of taxation.

The National Archives. Retrieved 17 November The Telegraph. International Organization.

Democracy in America Essay

International Studies Quarterly. The Journal of Economic History. Annual Review of Political Science. Our World in Data. Retrieved 15 February The Society of Antiquaries of London.Essay writing is not your forte? Look at this essay writing guide. It helped millions essay democracy write their essays. Please note that all the articles we provide are protected by copyright and cannot be copied without proper referencing.

Please respect the work of our authors. Democracy is a system of governance that gives all qualified citizens an equal opportunity of involvement in the creation of laws, proposals, and general development.

This is possible through direct action by the citizens or via elected officials who forge forth collective interests. This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. September Politics portal. Plattner Secondly, if the people are directly involved in the formation of the government, in making law or similar key roles in the run of the administration, they will take more and lively interest in public affairs. It is seen that when the final task is done by another set of people, the former set of people do not take much interest in it, because they feel that there are some other essay writing service to give it final shape.

It is pointed out that, by keeping an intermediate body between the people and the government, a representative democracy or indirect democracy establishes a gap between the people and the government. This is against the very spirit of democracy.

The most serious demerit of direct democracy is that it is out-dated and out-molded and not at all suitable for a modern state which is very vast and so cannot be brought under the umbrella of direct democracy. No doubt there was a time in the past when the small states in Greece and Rome were directly and efficiency ruled by the people.

Such tiny states are no longer available in the modern world. Let us take the case of India, one of the largest democracies of the world. How can all the people of India gather together in one place and make laws for the whole of India? There is no such big area to accommodate all the people of India. Again, if all the people go to that place to make laws for India, who will look after their jobs like cultivation, works in the factory, teaching in the educational institutions, etc.?

This will create chaos and confusion all over the county. So, on the ground of inexpediency, the pure democracy is to be discarded. Secondly, if the entire population is to run the government from making law to its implementation, we are to assume that all people are equally intelligent and equally capable for all such work. But our experience is that all people are not equal in calibre.

It is a common knowledge that the fools, idiots, beggars, the illiterate mass have no capacity to understand the art and science of government. It will be too much to democracy essays their efforts to carry on the administration.

It is a fact that some people revolution essays more trained and capable in running the government. Essay democracy they alone should be given the job. They can be directly elected by the people and as the representatives of the people they will carry on the political game.

A secondary body like this is also necessary to check the passion and impulses of the common people. It is seen corruption and democracy essay the mass people go by passion, not by reason. Their representatives, who will be more reasoned and seasoned, should be given the task of running the country. Essay Merits and Demerits of Democracy in General: Merits of Democracy: First, democracy is ethically sound because it is opposed to the idea of one man ruling over another man.

Essays about democracy

In essays about democracy democracy no individual or a group of individuals but the entire community is vested with sovereign power.

Only that person is said to be free who possesses a vote and shares in determining state policy and electing the government. Secondly, democracy promotes the common welfare of the people Democracy caters to the needs of all because all shades of opinion represent the government. In such a system, a citizen is the ruler and at the same time the subject and thereby it conforms to the axiom that a just government is a government by consent of the governed. Democracy makes an individual interested in his country and gives him a sense of responsibility.

Thirdly, it is in democracy that the concept of rule of law can have a full play. According to this concept, which came from England, nobody is above law and everything must be done in accordance with the mandates of law. This principle is not only a replacement of the personal rule of a King but also a brake on the misuse of power by the government or any authority. Fourthly, democracy nurses the spirit of patriotism and nationalism of the people and evokes spontaneous obedience to law.

In a democracy the people feel that they themselves are the government and the nation rolled into one. Fifthly, a democratic form of government cannot be tyrannical or oppressive, because it is responsible to the people at large. In a democracy the government is voted to power by the people and is answerable for its actions and policies to the rock-bottom of the people.

If the government fails to fulfil the aspirations of the people, it will be overthrown by the people in the next election. Again, there are free press and strong opposition which keep the government on guard.

If the ruling party goes astray it will be outvoted in a vote of no-confidence. So a democratic form of government is a responsible government. Sixthly, a change in the government in a democracy is effected not in a violent way but through a peaceful method and thereby ensures a stability in administration. No other form of government has such a peaceful transition. So democracy is capable of meeting this type of national crisis peacefully.

It can, as in a time of crisis, give enormous powers into the hands of the government, in cheerful confidence that, the crisis past, it can take them away. But this is best essay writing companies possible in any other type of government. Popular election, popular control and popular responsibility ensure not corruption and democracy essay efficiency in government but also stability in the state.

Seventhly, democracy guarantees equality and liberty. Democracy makes no discrimination between the high and the low, the rich and the poor, and the wise and the fools and throws open all the opportunities, in the state to all the citizens of the state.

Freedoms of all types are thereby ensured to all the citizens. There is equal treatment for the son of a minister and the son of a peon in a democratic state. Similarly, the Hindus and the Muslims, or, for that matter, all men of different faiths, are never discriminated in the enjoyment of liberties. Eighthly, democracy ensures openness. One of the characteristics of democracy is its openness. The people value the performance of such democratic norm on the basis of availability of information, which they gather from a free press.

Again, in the protests of the opposition democracy essay the public pressures made in the legislature are found other guarantees of openness of the government in a democracy.

The parliamentary control over public policy through democratic debates preserve the endurance of the government. The dictatorial or a totalitarian system, on the other hand, operates in the mystiques of secrecy.

In such a system, politics is rather exclusive and insulated. Thus dictatorship follows the essay democracy in nepal path, as a result of which the administration becomes a professional hideout of secrecy and confidential activities. In such a system popular participation in the administration is absent and the committed model of bureaucracy keeps public administration loyal, efficient and secrecy-oriented.

There stricted norms of secrecy are demanded and adhered to in public interests. But this keeps the government weak because it has no knowledge of what the people are thinking of the government. Since there is everything open in a democracy, the government knows the pulse of the nation.

Finally, democracy contains a essays about democracy educational value and an assurance for freedom. Democracy goes hand in hand with education and self-government. All citizens are trained in the lesson of making laws, enforcing them and how to contribute their utmost in the welfare of the state. Both the ruling and the opposition parties bring the benefits of political education at the national, provincial and village levels.

In a democracy the entire nation is graded from the top to the bottom with the lessons of political education and self-government. Indemocracy was looked upon as the final form of government for all civilised states. It was assumed that all policies on social, economic and international aims came within the framework of democratic government. But many an African and Asian countries that attained independence and established democracy as the form of government had to give up and surrender to military dictatorship.

These threw challenge to the bases on which democracy as a form of government stands. These were indications that all was not well with democracy. As moon has its dark spots, democracy always does not present a totally rosy picture. The major drawback of democracy is that its accent of emphasis is on quantity rather than quality and thereby democracy imposes the tyranny of the brute majority.

It does not recognise the inherent inequality in the calibre or wisdom which differs from man to man as a biological fact. Thus when quality is ignored and the idiots are brought into prominence, democracy becomes a government by the ignorant and the unintellectual. Mencken accused democracy for standardising life on a low level as if all wisdom lies with the inferior four-fifths of mankind.

The brute majority of mechanism established the rule of the fools over the intelligent ones who are in the minority. Thus what we get in a democracy is simply the tyranny of the people on the ground that they are in the majority. This type of tyranny has a tendency to curtail the liberty of the individuals. Thus in India in the name of internal security or defence of India the people are locked up in jails without trial.

It is for this reason that William Edward Lecky condemned democracy as opposed to liberty. Secondly, democracy breeds inefficiency and corruption. First, one must comprehend the analogy of gymnastics with politics and why Aristotle used this example.

Secondly, the bad democracy essays of oligarchy and democracy and why they are bad. Finally, the good forms of oligarchy and democracy and what…. In The Politics, Aristotle includes a fifth form of government. This form is termed polity, or constitutional government.

Although it is uncommon and is not universally recognized, Aristotle believes it is worthy of consideration. For Aristotle, analyzing these five forms of government supports his belief that, in general, there are two predominant forms of government.

The two forms he samples of reflective essays are democracy and oligarchy. He believes that…. The corresponding divisions for the perverted forms of constitutions are firstly for one man leadership tyranny, rule of a few oligarchy and the rule of many is democracy. Aristotle ranks these six forms of constitutions in order from best to worst; kingship, aristocracy, essay democracy, democracy, oligarchy, tyranny.

On one hand under kingship a king looks after the…. Greek philosophers are still known today and their works are still being read and taught. This is common, for example when choosing a jury for a trial.

This method is known as sortition or allotment. In a trial, the jury will have to decide the question whether the person is guilty or not. In Europe, trials with a jury are only used for serious crimes, such as murderhostage taking or arson.

Retrieved 13 July Retrieved Retrieved 28 January The National Archives. Category : Democracy. Namespaces Page Talk. Views Read Change Change source View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. This page was last changed on 20 Februaryat

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